The process of child adoption is a very comprehensive and tasking one, which involves many steps, long waiting times, and most importantly, a lot of paperwork that will confirm your legitimacy and your genuine wishes of giving a child a loving, nurturing, and supporting household and family. However noble this process is, the fact is simple: this paperwork helps weed out the more unsavory people out of the crowd. It only allows the genuinely concerned and loving people to adopt a child. As such, this paperwork must be authentic, legitimate, and verified through every step since adopting the child is delicate. Let us look at the child adoption process in Ontario and how a notary can help you expedite the otherwise cumbersome process.
The reason for extensive paperwork and authenticating the veracity of this paperwork is simple: the world is, unfortunately, not a safe place. Despite best measures and intentions and many safeguards, children in the foster care system and orphanages can still go to households where their needs may not be met properly. As such, the Ontario adoption process is very stringent.
Let us start with the adoption process in Ontario.
Child adoption in Ontario: the particulars
The child adoption process in Ontario actually depends on which type of adoption are the prospective parents looking for. There are four types of adoptions in Ontario, and all will be discussed in detail below.
The first and most common type of child adoption in Ontario is public adoption. These are handled by the Children’s Aid Society (CAS), and the children who come up for adoption through CAS are usually older. Since they are processed through the CAS, these children aren’t orphans, essentially, but rather children who have been removed from the supervision of their biological parents due to neglect, abuse, or any other reason.
In the case of public adoption, the process can take anywhere from six months to two years or more since the adoption process selectively picks out homes that might be able to replicate the care, nourishment, and love that these children might have missed out on. Public adoption is widespread and is considered better than other options because no fee is paid for adoption; instead, potential parents selected for the adoption process may be eligible for financial help from the government.
Private adoptions are rare, owing to the fees that usually accompany this process. However, they provide unparalleled flexibility for both the biological and adoptive parents in choosing the particulars of the adoption. For starters, private adoptions happen when parents voluntarily give up their child for adoption, which means that the child is usually much younger. The potential adoptive families are informed about the biological parents, and the biological parents are given a rundown of where their child is going for adoption. This helps integrate transparency in the process that is not present in any other adoption type, which usually drives up the cost. Given that licensed and private adoption agencies are involved in private adoptions, the cost may start from around $15,000 and could go anywhere north of $30, 000. Again, this is it is not feasible from a financial viewpoint, but it does afford a greater level of knowledge between the two parties, and the timeframe can be shorter, depending on many factors.
As the name implies, international adoption is a multifaceted process involving a child’s complex transfer from one country to Canada and, specifically, to Ontario. These are very rare and very cumbersome: for starters, in international adoptions, both the home country of the child and Ontario’s legal requirements need to be followed strictly, which, considering the diversity in law between countries, can be rather tricky.
Then comes the technical part. International immigration will involve immigration considerations and extensive background checks for children over a certain age and in some cases, will require both the adoptive party and a representative from the Ministry of Children and Youth Services to travel to the child’s home country.
Finally, the costs can range anywhere from $30,000 to upwards of $50,000. This limits international adoption to very specific adoptive parents and cases, which helps explain why parents are required to complete a ‘parental training program’, and to take onboard a social worker for an extensive and comprehensive home study to determine the feasibility of the adoption.
Step-parent adoptions are the simpler ones out of the four and require less cost and paperwork owing to the simple fact of blood relations. Also known as family adoption, this process allows relatives of the child, like an uncle, an aunt, a grandparent, or a great-grandparent, to adopt the minor legally. The fact that makes family adoption quick is that these processes don’t require intervention from CAS or a government-approved child adoption agency; a simple Ontario court process can rule on the legality of the adoption.
Biological parents will still need to provide their consent, or, in extreme cases, the court will have to terminate their parental rights if the situation necessitates it. This ensures that a child is removed from an otherwise hostile and growth-stunting environment into the care of a person who has demonstrated that the child will be happy, fulfilled and taken exceptional care of in the adoptive household.
The process is simple: apply to an Ontario court for an adoptive order, and if both parties reside in the city, the court can decide on a date and hold a hearing to allow the adoption.
Notaries: how can they help with the adoption process?
The tedious paperwork, the constant visits, and the requirement of the system to go through the motions all add up to a process that deters many would-be adoptive parents from pursuing the noble act of providing warmth, shelter, and love to a child. As explained beforehand, this is all done to ensure that people who might otherwise take advantage of these children or of benefits from the state are kept away and out. The documents and their verification help exceptionally in this regard, and with a notary public, you can ensure the process goes as smoothly as possible.
Here are some crucial documents that require notarization for child adoption in Ontario.
- Form 34D: This is the affidavit required for private, public, and international adoption. It is an affidavit that affirms the commitments of the adoptive parents in providing familial care to the child and confirms that legal obligations have been fulfilled. More importantly, it needs to be notarized; without notarization, the document won’t be acceptable.
- Form 34H: This affidavit is required for family adoptions, and it affirms the status of the relationship between the child and the adopting parent(s) and their commitment to ensuring a healthy and loving atmosphere for the child. Without notarization, no Ontario court or child adoption agency will accept it.
The Notary Guy: easing notarization for all!
The Notary Guy provides quick and reliable notarization services for all public and legal matters. In the case of child adoption, the notarization process can be overwhelming and time-consuming, but not with us. We provide services that will put you at ease, catalyze the process, and get you ever closer to starting a happy family. Besides the attestation of Forms 34D and 34H, The Notary Guy also provides excellent notarization services for,
- Certified true copies
- RIN letters
- Visa invitation letters
- Child travel consent letters
- Statutory declarations
- Bank forms requiring declarations
- Name change applications
- Common law declarations
And many more. Check out The Notary Guy for more details on our services and how our online notarization process can save you precious time.